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Group 3

Step 1

A Study the text below and consider the following questions. 1 Is people's contribution described as one of the main causes of global warming? Why? 2 How can global warming increase the number of climate migrants? 3 In what other ways can global warming be disastrous for people?

People undoubtedly have contributed to global warming a lot. There's a strong belief that it's people who are fully responsible for triggering and accelerating the process. It's connected with technological progress and consumption boom. Nowadays we consume an enormous amount of energy! Much more than we used to. The energy we use is not only in the electricity bills we have to pay -- every time we buy something or travel somewhere or just go to the gym or the swimming pool we consume energy. We burn huge amounts of fuel and emit lots of warmth and carbon in the atmosphere. People are obviously enjoying modern style of life, which is comfortable and dynamic, but what price do we have to pay for it?

The most evident marker of global warming is the ocean level rise. It has already affected the inhabitants of some islands and coastal territories. People of Tuvalu, a tiny island country in the Pacific Ocean, were among the first victims of the rising ocean. In 2007 their government called for help and for a new place for living as they had to leave their drowning mother island.

Unfortunately, they are not a single example of climate migrants. More and more often people have to abandon their lands to escape extreme weather such as droughts, hurricanes, and floods. If the process of global warming is not slowed down, people of Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, and India will lose considerable parts of their territories. If scientists' forecast about a one-metre water rise by the end of the current century is right, a big part of swiftly developing Shanghai as well as some coastal parts of New York, London and Tokyo can go under water. Undoubtedly, the shrinking of dry land and the growing number of climate migrants can cause social instability and even provoke conflicts in densely populated areas.

Permanent floods and droughts, which are two extremes of climate change, will unavoidably destroy lots of farming lands. With the growing population rate it will have disastrous results and can cause famine and diseases. Scientists use computer models of climate change and according to them the impact on agriculture can be catastrophic for the whole world, but the countries of Africa and Latin America are at the greatest risk of food production loss. To make the matter worse global warming will harshly affect the fresh water supply of the planet in general and in African, Latin American and some Asian countries in particular.


Read the text once again and choose between the two conclusions.

a) According to the information in the text, global warming puts the human civilisation at a serious risk. It's going to be a worldwide disaster and will affect everyone whatever country they live in. b) Global warming may affect some countries, but it doesn't threaten the human civilisation in general.

Step 2

Give some other examples of how human activity contributes to global warming / environment pollution. Use some local examples if possible.

Write about: what kind of activity it is (construction / transportation / farming / manufaturing, etc) where it takes place what good and what harm it does to people.

Step 3

Find out how people feel about the global warming effect on people. Conduct a survey using the questionnaire below. Take the following steps: 1 Ask 6-10 people of any age to fill in the questionnaire form. 2 Analyse the responses. 3 Write a report on the results (see the outline below). Use statistics to support your statements.

Questions/Answers

1 Do you believe global warming is a threat to people? Yes No. I don't know. I don't care.

2 Do you believe that global warming will bring lots of natural disasters and catastrophic changes? Yes No. I don't know. I don't care.

3 Do you believe that people will have to struggle desperately to survive? Yes No. I don't know. I don't care.

4 Do you think that it may happen during your lifetime? Yes No. I don't know. I don't care.

5 Do you think people need to do something to stop or to slow down the process of global warming? Yes No. I don't know. I don't care.

6 What should people do to improve the situation? Tick the options or / and suggest something yourself.

consume less energy reduce carbon hydrogen emission develop new clean technologies lessen the pollution

7 What should every person do? Tick the options or / and suggest something yourself.

travel by air less use public transport instead of a car avoid buying high-powered cars if not necessary, buy smaller cars avoid using plastic packaging if not necessary sort one's waste and carry it to the recycling centres pay more for environment friendly products

8 What are you, personally, ready to do to improve the situation? Tick the options or / and suggest something yourself.

travel by air less use public transport instead of a car avoid buying high-powered cars if not necessary, buy smaller cars avoid using plastic packaging if not necessary sort one's waste and carry it to the recycling centres pay more for environment friendly products


Report on the results of the survey

Use the questions as guidelines for your report.

Who took part in the survey? Are people aware of the problem? Do people care and believe that some measures need to be taken? Are they ready to do something themselves? Do you think people want and are able to do something to slow down global warming or not?


Useful language

To collect the data about / to find out if people are aware of the problem, weconducted a survey. ...people took part in the survey their ages range from... to... The analysis of the results proves that most / almost half/ very few people... Only two people out of ten... A very small percent, only ten percent of the total, think that... In contrast, younger respondents say that... We've studied the results and have come to the conclusion that...

Step 4

Read all the information you've got and decide if it confirms the hypothesis or not. Make up a presentation of your web-site according to the plan. It'll be a patchwork • Your hypothesis: confirmed or rejected. • Some evidence (local or global) to prove that global warming, if not stopped, will affect people's health and lifestyle. • Results of the research on how people around you feel about the problem. • Your conclusion.

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